Information
Date of Transmission16 March 1994
Name of TapeCE 76/95
SourceMinistry of Information
Prosecution ExhibitP.36/62
Name of TranslatorYves-Florent Ndimurukundo
Original PDF

R.T.L.M. Tape 0168

SIDE A

Speaker: Kantano HABIMANA, Journalist for R.T.L.M.

“…Kigali, the time is 8:14 in the studios of the private radio R.T.L.M. broadcasting from here Kigali. NKOMATI has delivered news to us. You have just been told about the news you will hear in French. But among the news NKOMATI delivered, you heard about a man who had taken people to Cyangugu. He said that Kantano said that the car was driving Tutsis. I add other things I said, I said other things are that in any case it’s not good when someone sees a Tutsi and considers him as an Inkotanyi. Inkotanyi behave in one manner and other Tutsis behave in another manner. Considering every Tutsi as an Inkotanyi, I think that it’s not right. Therefore, it’s not right. If the taxi really left driving many Tutsis, it doesn’t mean that they were Inkotanyi. Maybe they had just rented it. Considering every Tutsi as Inkotanyi, I think this is not right.

As to other news, like you heard it, yesterday Inkotanyi committed again atrocities in Kinihira sous prefecture. They killed there without any reason five innocent persons. They say then that nobody investigated. But in reality in that no man’s land, we kept on saying many times that Inkotanyi made it their land. We kept on blaming them; we kept on pointing our finger toward Unamir. Some time ago, a man called PARMEHUTU, working for the Rwandan television, went there too and met Inkotanyi who tore his papers whereas they are not supposed to be there. Inkotanyi really never left that area since it became a no man’s land. In that area, they kept on killing teachers. You remember that now it’s been 117 days since Inkotanyi came to Kirambo sous-prefecture. They selected all the most important M.R.N.D. militants and wiped them out together with all of their families in Kidaho, Nkumba, Cyeru, in Nyamugari, everywhere and in Mutura. They did again go to Cyungo, some teachers died, in Cyumba. Then yesterday, they attacked chiefs and workers of the Cyohoha-Rukeri project and they wiped them out too. The M.R.N.D. political party met in emergency and they said something about it.

We will come back to it but we will first talk about that sad news. As you are going to hear, that news deals with Inkotanyi who committed atrocities yesterday on the 15th when they killed five innocent people who were working for COOPTHE Cyohoha­-Rukeri. Let me start with death announcements because R.T.L.M. sympathizes with the departed as well.

The family of Nzarora Josaphate living in Gashyari, Mwendo commune informs friends and relatives that Nyirinkwaya Nathanael, who was the head of COOPTHE Cyohoha­-Rukeri and his wife, died on March 15th, 1994. They were victims of criminals who killed them at their place of work in Kinihira. The funerals will be held in Gashyari, Mwendo commune on March 17th around 11 after the prayers which will take place at his house.

The P.L. President, Mr. Justin MUGENZI has the deep sorrow to inform the P.L. militants, the sorrow caused by the death of Safari Emile who was killed by torture on March 15th. There’s no doubt that Emile is the victim of the fact that P.L. had chosen him to represent it within the transitional national assembly. P.L. President requests of its militants living in the town of Kigali to meet at the main office of the party tomorrow 9:00 AM in order to accompany the corpse which will be buried in Mugenda, Tumba commune at 1:00.

The family of Defroy Bonaventure, who was the COOPTHE Cyohoha-Rukeri worker, has the sorrow to inform friends and relatives that Defroy Bonaventure died yesterday Tuesday. He was shot dead on his way back from work in Kinihira. This announcement is especially addressed to his children Uwitonze, Umufasha and Magnus who study in Rulindo, Remera-Rukoma and in Ruhengeri. The corpse will be buried Thursday in Nyundo when those children get there. The family of the departed begs the heads of those schools to do their best by easing those children’s trip.

The family of Ndeze Léonidas and Safari Emile, living in Mugenda, Tumba commune from Byumba, is sad to inform friends and relatives that Safari died yesterday March 15th, 1994. He was the victim of the trap set by enemies on his way back from work at COOPTHE Cyohoha-Rukeri. This is especially addressed to Ruhanga Charles living in Bicumbi, Kabirigi Dominique living in Butare, Caporal Gendarme Twahirwa Alphonse, Musigende Emmanuel living in Ruhondo, Bimenyande Samuel from in Nyamutera, Ruhengeri, Gatemba Abel from Mukingo commune, Nkunzabagabo Babiras from Tumba, Karekezi Pascal from Tumba commune. The corpse will be buried in Mugenda, Tumba commune at one after the mass which will be celebrated at Christus Center in Remera at 10 a.m. Friends and relatives are requested to hasten to assist.

After R.P.F., Rwandan Patriotic Front, shameful criminal acts which were exerted on the workers for the Cyohoha-Rukeri tea project and which took place yesterday March 15th, 1994, the M.R.N.D. political office met and looked over the security problems. Then, it found out that it is compulsory to address Rwandans the following:

  1. M.R.N.D. officially blames once again such shameful criminal acts that R.P.F.-Inkotanyi keeps exerting on innocent people. M.R.N.D. notices that they are not different from those which happened in Kirambo sous-prefecture and the communes of Mutura and Bwisige.
  2. M.R.N.D. has no doubt that those criminal acts are part of R.P.F. wicked plans consisting of shedding the blood of innocent people and botching the transitional institutions mentioned by Arusha accords.
  3. M.R.N.D. requests earnestly of Unamir to do its job which consists of looking after the population’s security in the no man’s land, R.P.F. has to leave that area for good. Unamir is requested, in addition to not disguising R.P.F. criminal acts, to publish conclusions from investigations led about atrocious crimes undergone by innocent people which occurred in Kirambo sous-prefecture and in the communes Mutura and Bwisige. M.R.N.D. warns Unamir that if it keeps neglecting its job, the issue will be introduced to the U.N. Secretary General.
  4. M.R.N.D. requests of the government to meet quickly and to adopt measures about the murder of those people, it has to take concrete action able to stop those acts for good.
  5. M.R.N.D. reminds once again the government to do its primary job consisting of protecting the people; otherwise if that government is useless to the people, action must be taken against it.
  6. M.R.N.D. informs R.P.F.-Inkotanyi that it won’t keep on standing and looking without reacting any longer at such criminal acts which are done to innocent people.
  7. M.R.N.D., in addition, sympathizes with the families who lost their relatives during these hard times they are through.

You are still tuned to the private radio R.T.L.M., this was urgent news, I was communicating to you, dealing with atrocities committed by Inkotanyi, because there are no other people who have guns and grenades living in that no man’s land. We kept saying since a long time that Inkotanyi never left, that they botch the accords on purpose, people keep pretending not to hear, so look at the outcome because nothing happens without us having said it.

Furthermore, about Inkotanyi, we keep getting news from Sake commune in Kibungo as Inkotanyi have finished to infiltrate Sake commune in Kibungo at such point that they had started recruiting within their front some of their supporters living in that commune. So here is how the situation, there are two Inkotanyi who leave C.N.D. and come by motorbike twice a week, they stop at the parish of Rukoma in Sake. At that parish of Rukoma, those Inkotanyi meet with a young man called KIBOGO who used to work for the minor seminar of Nzaza, now he is working for the treasureship in Kibungo. This Kibogo drives in a white Mazda car, he comes with video tapes showing Inkotanyi military training these days. When they get to the Rukoma parish, they are welcome by Father Michel NSENGIYUMVA surrounded by the following young men from Sake commune: There is one called Lambert, a teacher who is to be R.P.F. President in Sake commune, there is MUNYANEZA Eugene, former youth supervisor in Sake commune, now he is a teacher and he is in charge of information within R.P.F. in Sake commune. There is MITARI, a former housekeeper of the Rwandan Ambassador in Rome, Italy and he is in charge of taking young men from Sake to the Inkotanyi front these days. There are many more who go to watch video tapes of Inkotanyi training. Both of them are known. Here are the conclusions they have drawn after the meetings they have been holding:

  • Killing two important political figures in Sake because they don’t share the same opinions with Inkotanyi.
  • Dominating all the rest of the population of Sake commune since they will no longer have a leader to lean on.
  • Terrorizing those who are not willing comply with it using many weapons which have been already introduced in Sake commune.

These are their main aims and they wish to achieve them within the end of March 1994. In Rukumberi secteur from Sake commune, nowadays many young men have gone to the Inkotanyi front. They are driven by a minibus which comes to pick them up in that secteur. In short, these are the bad news from Sake commune which was the first one to attract the sympathy of Inkotanyi assisted by their accomplices mentioned above, that is, Father Michel NSENGIYUMVA from Rukoma parish, Lambert and MUNYANEZA Eugéne who are teachers and MITARI who is in charge of leading young men to the Inkotanyi front. There are many more who are known but which are not worth mentioning.

Therefore, the population of Sake ought soon to be aware of it, they must be aware that they are threatened by this misfortune, so tomorrow they shouldn’t pretend they have been surprised.

The one who sent the news to us says that Inkotanyi do not want peace at all. Let’s stop being careless. This is news from Sake and we got it from someone who really follows it more closely. One ought to follow it closer and people must be watchful, they must check out the situation because it has been clear that Inkotanyi try everything, seeking but their final objective consists of controlling all the power. Then you understand that if they take over all the power, even those traitor who come to their assistance, you understand anyway how they would treat the ones they don’t like and the ones they think were seriously opposed to them.

I let you know then that I have a lot of news and a lot of seeking notices. After 9, we will inform you about all of it, your announcement. We will inform you about other news we will get in a moment at 9, we are going to gather a lot of many news. There are people who ask us: “Where is TWAGIRAMUNGU Faustin?” In any case, R.T.L.M. is not really in charge of grazing TWAGIRAMUNGU. Anyway, there are some who say that at Kwashyirakera’s some Belgian cars have just left. Maybe they were accompanying TWAGIRAMUNGU Faustin, we never know. There are some others who say that he may be somewhere in Mile Collines, this is his own business. If he wants to enjoy a hotel, it doesn’t matter; this isn’t our own business at all. However it may be that we are expecting the transitional extended government to be set up. If he failed to set it up, instead went to book a room in a hotel, maybe this is a sign that he has failed. Then we will keep on watching what this man is doing with his Inkotanyi. Then we will regularly report to you about it. So, I would ask the French speaking journalists to come and say the news in French since it is 8.30. Then, at 9 we will broadcast your advertisements and announcements. I see the French speaking ones have come, after 9 when they finish, that will be the time for your advertisements and other urgent news in Kinyarwanda because news of this evening are so many. We will have known where Mr. TWAGIRAMUNGU Faustin went because someone who is due to rule the people, shall walk around with the people, laugh with them and feel at ease with them. But when someone who is due to rule the people is surrounded by Unamir, starts flying in helicopter, starts sleeping in hotels, he will be afraid of the people he will lead. I really think, there is no doubt, this means that he has failed because when someone rules people, they meet and discuss. They shouldn’t start running away of them, one should follow this closer. This is the way it is, in a moment you will be listening to the French edition and other ideas in French. Let me remind you that your advertisements and propaganda in Kinyarwanda are due after nine.”

Speaker: Georges RUGGIU, Journalist for R.T.L.M.

…Sweet introduction. You are tonight with Emmanuel RUCOGOZA and Georges RUGGIU. Over the controls of the technical console, Onésphore RUHIGIRA. And right now, tonight news headlines. R.P.F. crimes go on and on, dead people last night. Kigali motorists, pay attention to the MINITRAP workers. Gaspard HABUMUREMYI and his family refute information as he is accused of being Inkotanyi. Our thought, some extracts from Prince Nicholas MACHIAVELLI. For tonight, a chronicle: “The press place within the democratization process.” But first a remark: today is the 117th day since Kirambo killings. We are still expecting the report of the Unamir investigation commission. Whether General DALLAIRE looks into it or he goes away.

R.P.F. crimes go on and on all over the country. Yesterday, SORWATHE agents were murdered in Cyohoha-Rukeri. Those murders took place after the working hours. Dr. NYIRINKWAYA, SORWATHE deputy director, his wife, Emile Safari, P.L. MUGENZI deputy, Bonaventure Defroy, American cooperating agent, fell into an ambush of men armed with grenades and rifles. Those managerial staff of the factory in question, on the way to Kigali, suddenly stopped following a grenade’s detonation and the killers came closer and shot them. We don’t know exactly yet those criminal acts circumstances and we will possibly let you know about it in our editions to come. One must point out signal that, like we said and assessed it last Thursday and Sunday, once again R.P.F. proves that Arusha peace doesn’t exist. Arusha accords really exist but not peace accords since R.P.F. goes on killing and slaughtering Rwandan and even foreigners here in Rwanda.

Kigali motorists, pay attention to the MINITRAP workers. The MINITRAP has been bringing maintenance works of the median strip on the asphalt road which links the Kigali town center to Gikondo alongside Gikondo industrial zone into operation for some days. Those works employ numerous workmen who must accomplish a job in hazardous conditions, notably in a middle of a road where vehicles drive at a high speed sometimes and in both ways. Cars and trucks brush and avoid at the last minute the workmen who work however for everyone security in order to make a road clean and really usable all along its length and in all its breadth. Therefore, when you come up these works, slow down; increase your cautiousness, MINITRAP workmen must work too in fair conditions and in safety. Thank you for them therefore and you ought to know that their work is a work which is done for you.

Speaker: Emmanuel RUCOGOZA, Journalist for R.T.L.M.

Unlike the information broadcast last Sunday 12th, information according to which the taxi, with the registration number EB 1310 belonging to Patrice UWIMANA, had driven Inkotanyi from Nyamirambo to Cyangugu. Gaspard HABUMUREMYI formally refutes those assessments:

Speaker: Gaspard HABUMUREMYI, Civilian

Actually, the 11th of this month, we went, the members of my family, we went with that taxi from Kigali, from Gikondo, to Cyangugu in order to attend my mother-in-law’s going out of mourning who died on March 5th, 1994 at I a.m. I myself gave the obituary notice to R.T.L.M. which broadcast it about 8.30 on the 5th in the morning. We went to Cyangugu the same day where we arrived at the end of the day; I am talking about the 5th. We attended the requiem mass in Cyangugu during the same evening, always on the 5th; we spent the night in Cyangugu, in Winteko more precisely. The funerals took place the next day on Sunday and we went back to Kigali the same day. Then, on the 11th, we went to attend the outgoing mourning. We were seven, there were seven members of my family in that vehicle, among whom there was Patrice, who is from our family in fact. We left around seven; we went to the bus station where we took the rest of passengers in order to get the 18 passengers to go to Cyangugu. We arrived in Kamembe at the beginning of the evening, just at the end of the afternoon. We unloaded the passengers, and then we went to my father-in-law. We didn’t hear the information; it’s luckily that we didn’t hear it because we could have reacted negatively, perhaps to be misled by the information. We only heard it the next day that the vehicle was into circulation in Cyangugu but one couldn’t see the Inkotanyi who had been driven there. Actually, on Saturday, I think it’s the immigration chief who came… my father-in-law precisely in Winkiko and who came to check the information. I think he got all the information he wanted, all the explanations he wanted. I think the doubt has been lifted but what bothers me is that, I am quite willing for the information to be given but it sometimes must be filtered out, indeed its genuineness must be checked because actually yesterday, for example, at R.T.L.M. one wanted to refute it by saying that the vehicle wasn’t full of Inkotanyi but in fact that it was simply Tutsis. It’s not that I have something against Tutsis, I could have been myself Tutsi, after all there’s nothing I gave to be born Hutu and the Tutsi gave nothing to be born Tutsi but I would have liked all our listeners to know that in that vehicle, among the seven persons who were in that vehicle; nobody was from the Tutsi race, Except maybe among the other eleven passengers whom I don’t know the names, I don’t know them. These were just passengers. Then, I would like you to refute that information and in the future, if you want to have a minimum of credibility, you ought to check the information before broadcasting it. Thank you.

Speaker: Emmanuel RUCOGOZA

This was therefore the denial of Mr. Gaspard HABUMUREMYI, the denial which says that he is not Inkotanyi ; it was on the microphone of our colleague, Emmanuel NKOMATI. Before our thought, a musical transition.

Speaker: Georges RUGGIU

We come back together now for our evening thought but before passing on our thought, we are anxious to point out to you that following the numerous telephone and written oral requests coming from yourselves, R.T.L.M. made type and holds at your disposal from tomorrow morning the thoughts which concerned the political surrealism or for those who don’t locate exactly the text, the text which mentioned the Rwandan political circus, the thoughts which mentioned the Rwandan bad political cooking, where was mentioned the Arusha dish of bean. And the thought all recently heard which was entitled. The peace of Arusha doesn’t exist. Those three thoughts are from tomorrow at your disposal in R.T.L.M. offices situated in Kigali just opposite the President’s house. They are at your disposal for a reasonable amount which will be used only to cover the typing, paper and printing expenses. Then, this evening in order to feed your thoughts, we have thought of searching in our library. We then chose for you two extracts from the Prince Nicholas MACHIAVELLI. That book about the government political principles has been written from 1514, that is, more than 490 years ago now. But good ideas don’t die. We have then chosen for you, dear listeners, two extracts, the first is extracted from the chapter 15 about what makes praise or blame men and particularly princes; and the other is extracted from the chapter 18 about cruelty and if it’s better to be loved than feared. These two extracts are going to feed your thoughts and we remain opened to others, dialogue and mutual listening seem to us profitable to everyone and if you have written comments, we remain always available to be acquainted to them and perhaps even to broadcast them if they are worth it. Here is then Nicholas MACHIAVELLI who speaks through my voice: “What makes praise or blame men, and particularly princes.” It’s of course an extract from that chapter: “A man who is willing to be perfectly honest among dishonest people is bound to perish soon or later. A prince who wants to last must therefore learn not to always be good in order to be like circumstances and the interest of his preserving will demand it.” Here is now an extract from the chapter 18: “Cruelty or mercy and if it’s better to be loved than feared. One has asked if it’s better to be loved than feared or rather feared than loved. I believe it’s necessary to have both of them. But as it’s not easy to gather both of them, when one is compelled to one of these two means, I believe that it’s surer to be feared than to be loved. Men, one must mention it, are generally ungrateful, changing, hidden, shy and grasping. As long as one treats them right, they are engrossed in you. They offer you their ownership, their blood, their life and up to their own child as I have already said when the opportunity is far away. But when it comes their way, they revolt against you. And the prince who, referring to such beautiful words, neglects to protect himself against events, runs the risk to perish because friends, we get thanks to money and not thanks to the qualities of the mind and the soul, seldom stand the test of the reverse of fortune and give you up from the moment you need them. Men, in general, are more inclined to treat with consideration the one who makes himself fear than the one who makes himself love. The reason is that friendship, being a simply moral link of gratitude, cannot hold against interest calculations. Instead, fear is based on a punishment which idea always remains alive. [Classic music]

Speaker: Ananie NKURUNZIZA, Journalist for R.T.L.M.

… To meet so that those ceremonies end at the same time that day. You know how it happened; it’s not worth coming back it. However, it didn’t work as expected…

End of Side A.

Side B

Speaker: Ananie NKURUNZIZA

… They wrote to the President of the Republic a threat letter issued on January 6th, they said that they were to launch again attacks in case it doesn’t work the way they want it. Mrs. UWULINGIYIMANA Agathe… [interruption]

Speaker: Georges RUGGIU

… in Kigali. And now, some announcement

Speaker: Emmanuel RUCOGOZA

On March 12th, 1994, the constituent assembly of the Rwandan Association of the Post Friends, ARAPOST as initials, was held at Hotel des Diplomates in Kigali. At the end of this assembly, the founder members adopted the association status and proceeded to the election of the temporary executive committee made of four members, among whom are the President and legal Representative, KABANANIYE Paul from Rwandan nationality; vice-president and substitute Representative, Evariste KAJIBWAYI MULAMBA, from Zairian nationality; Secretary, NYAWENDA Jean-Marie Vianney, from Rwandan nationality; Treasurer, Clément FORESTIER, from French nationality. And ARAPOST deals with keeping up friendship strong links between Post’s users, a service which links men, serving as an intermediary between the users of the Post and OMP. It intends to efficiently contribute to the OMP social works, favor the opening and the development of philatelic clubs throughout the country. And the Rwandan Association of the Post Friends is going to settle down to organize and/or to make the users of the Post, in general, and its members, in particular, participate to competitions, exhibitions, conferences, workshops, seminars and other activities centered on the Post development. The Rwandan Association of the Friends Post is opened to every person without any sex, race, nationality discrimination.

Speaker: Georges RUGGIU

The independent international bimonthly Le Consommateur Africain [The African Consumer], new formula, launches on the intellectual market its 24th issue, Headlines:

  • In the Land of a Thousand Hills, a Thousand Killers
  • In Rwanda, the Appointed Prime Minister: a Race to Power within the Hired Assassins’ Network.
  • Zaire: Mobutu-Tshisekedi: The “Human Monster” versus Moses, the Liberator.
  • Exclusive: Faustin TWAGIRAMUNGU, Isn’t that Pragmatism which Goes Beyond Limits Accomplice of the Rwandan Patriotic Front?
  • The Editorial Staff Note: Rwanda Buries its Dead.

Le Consommateur Africain selling points in Kigali, Le Palmier restaurant, coach station, big post and at all newspapers traders’. In Butare, at Butare Info’s. In Gisenyi-Goma, Regina Hotel and AZAP office. An issue not to miss!

Speaker: Unidentified

A few among will perhaps remember of INR but a little bit before the last world war it was a State radio or, more exactly, it was a radio of the power, directly depending on the government in place. The boss was the Minister of Communications. Most certainly, he wouldn’t intervene every day in the information but he has the right to it. And in press matters like in any other matter, it’s when one misuses power that one ends in losing it and it took a glaring misuse of that power so that things change, This was about the mid-fifties. At that time, the liberal socialist government had issue a law referred to as the Collard law from the name of the Minister of the National Education. A law which Catholics thought was very detrimental for the free catholic teaching. Then, they decided to organize a big demonstration in the streets of Brussels. That demonstration has been forbidden, Gendarmes were blocking all the ways to the Capital. Nevertheless, around 1 p.m., there were 200,000 persons in the streets of Brussels. There were also a lot of trucks with megaphones which broadcast at 1 full the INR spoken news where, to the general surprise, they heard that the demonstration was a failure and that nobody had succeeded to get in Brussels. Bursts of laughter first, and then fits of anger, the fact remains that from there and for the first time INR members of the editorial staff issued a release in which they accused the Minister of Communications to have dictated them to say that there was nobody in the streets of Brussels. And from there went all the process which came some years later, under another government, to the bringing in, by the Minister of Culture, a man called Pierre HARNAIS, of a bill instituting organically the RTB-BRT. An organic law which has been virtually voted unanimously, which strongly looks like what already existed for several years in England at the BBC and which allowed since then the former INR members of the editorial staff to become fully journalists. You ought to know that before they were not recognized by the Press Association and they had no press cards since it was considered that they were not doing genuine journalism because they were under a government’s thumb. This is to say that at the same period, it was maybe an opinion a little bit stern from the written press because at the same period, at La Cite, they were writing. A journalist was about to be fired because he had dared issue a set of articles saying that children were manhandled at Saint Hubert Re-education Center just simply because one realized after publication that 9/10 of the Saint Hubert wardens were members of the Christian Trade Union. This was embarrassing for a newspaper like La Cite. All the same three months later, the institution was on trial and most of the wardens were convicted. It’s at the same moment also that, at Le Soir, Yvan Toussan, who was in charge of the cinema heading, was requested at a given moment,.following a strong pressure from film distributors to put a little less of vitriolic criticism in his pen or to leave. What he did and came back some years later at the same Le Soir as the senior editing officer. This is to say that it wasn’t always easy even in the written press, not only at the Radio and on TV. The law I told you about have undergone then, modifications after modifications of the Constitution, you know that they are fond of that kind of exercises in Belgium, several modifications. It was retaken and specified within several Flemish and francophone decrees, from which RTBF and BRTL. How does RTBF work? Well, it’s a public TV-radio like INR but it is no longer dependent from the government. It has on the top an administration council which is remade after each election according to the electoral -. results. That administration council itself is there to decide about the general programs policy, to approve or to modify what is suggested there but it doesn’t have to intervene directly in the information. For this, there are radio and TV drafting, there are a senior editor, a news editor and general manager. Most certainly, within our big editing house, there is a political balance, now we say ideological, which is respected. The opposite would be, believe me, dangerous. But I still remember, ‘I have known that period when before being appointed, one had to announce a political color. It’s no longer the case now. Does it mean that everything is all right in the best radio-TVs world? I wouldn’t be simple-minded to assert it. Indeed, there is still some pressure, there will always be some. This is human; when one has something to say somewhere, one often tries to take advantage of it. One has just to resist to those pressure, which is not always easy. Thus for instance, for the time being, some political parties and even RTBF leaders often put forward the reason that there needs to be more management flexibility or a bigger, better profitability in order to try that, henceforth, out of status journalists get appointed and without exam. Without exam means the open door to discretionary, out of status is the possibility to dismiss, sometimes for good reasons maybe but more often without a doubt for other reason which wouldn’t be that good.

Speaker: Emmanuel RUCOGOZA

For the examination at Busogo Institute, I give some precise details to our listeners who didn’t take seriously care. The institute offers its housing and restaurant services to the candidates who want to according to the tariff of 100 RWF for breakfast instead of 1000 RWF for breakfast like he had heard it.

Speaker: Georges RUGGIU

The time is 9:11 PM. in Kigali; we are soon going to leave the antenna to our colleagues Kinyarwanda speakers who still have a lot of things to tell you. We remind you therefore that for all our listeners who want it, remarks about the Rwandan political surrealism, the Rwandan bad political cooking and above all Arusha peace which doesn’t exist, are available in the R.T.L.M. offices from tomorrow morning. You have followed the news in French with Emmanuel RUCOGOZA and Georges RUGGIU, your servant. Over the controls of the technical console, Onésphore RUHIGIRA, our very sympathetic technician. And now we leave the space, to end the evening, to our two colleagues, both sympathetic anyway, HABIMANA Kantano and Emmanuel NKOMATI. The end of the evening in Kinyarwanda is theirs. But before, of course, a little bit of music once again. [classic music].

Speaker: Kantano HABIMANA

The time now is 9.20 p.m. in the studio of the private radio R.T.L.M. broadcasting from here in Kigali. Then keep on listening to the programs of your radio R.T.L.M. In a moment, we will broadcast your announcements with NKOMATI. But let’s begin with these announcements which include news. These announcements deal with the departed ones who were killed yesterday evening by Inkotanyi. The news which has already come to us here in R.T.L.M. studio says that the five victims used to go back to Kigali after work. Then Inkotanyi said to themselves, “these people always take our secrets to Kigali.” Moreover, there’s none they liked among them. One of them, who was from Kibuye, was Interahamwe. The rest of them were native of Gisenyi. Therefore, they chose to kill them because they considered that anyway those people take information to Kigali. We have already known, like it was revealed, before Inkotanyi killed those people, they had already blocked all the ways to Cyohoha-Rukeri. Besides, Inkotanyi are not far from Cyohoha-Rukeri. There are in Miyove, a place called Masorwe where there used to be, I think, a compound dealing with selected seeds. This is where they stay, they’ve never gone far. Here is how it happened, COOPTHE Director, the late Nathanael Nyirinkwaya, and his wife took Safari and Defroy in the car heading to Kigali since this was the way they would do it. The wife of the late was a teacher. When they got a little bit further in Ruganda, they took the road to Kigali. Then, someone who was on the top of a hill gave the signal by shooting. People heard a bullet but he wanted to tell those who were waiting downwards that he saw the car going. Then, they found people waiting for them; they shot them with a machine gun which was tied up to a tree. Machine gun is a very big gun. It was tied up to a tree, Nobody can hold it and take it to the no man’s land unless he is staying there, nobody can even be able to hide it quickly and take unless he is living there. So, that machine gun was tied up to a tree, this is the way Inkotanyi usually do it. They took off its legs, then they tie it up to a tree and after they shoot. After having shot them, after having crumbled the car up, they took Safari, who was P.L. MUGENZI deputy candidate, and removed his eyes. When they finished, they threw four grenades. Therefore, they didn’t throw one grenade like people think; they threw four grenades in order to crumble them up. After they crumbled them up, the dead bodies stayed there, everybody in that area was frightened, they had wet their pants. The next day, Unamir military got there, they found the corpses distorted by grenades. But the car has been shot by machine gun. When they say that they have found there bullets from Kalashnikov, it’s not true. They were shot down by a machine gun which was tied up to a tree nearby because people saw it. They communicated the news to me. They removed eyes from the late Safari, P.L. MUGENZI deputy candidate. You understand that they vented their anger on him in the frame of this fight for deputy seats because they want to grant them to people who will rule this country the way they want it. This is the way things are, these are the information I have just got. Thus, within Inkotanyi plan, they say they want to trigger war once again so that Rwanda becomes a no man’s land from everywhere because we came to know that Inkotanyi military have papers, i.e., identity cards. They were sent from their communes to C.N.D. They had the message as when it gets serious, they know the way they get guns, they will shoot all the population so that they flee from their communes. Then they will take over the country little by little according to how they mentioned it in their plans. Let me see how it is. I don’t see it clearly but Inkotanyi plan deals with military in C.N.D. who have papers enabling them to go in the communes. Then, they come and tell you that they have become Inkotanyi but they refused it. However, they went in the communes, you have just heard what I was saying about Sake commune. You understand then that those who think that the war with Inkotanyi is over are wrong. So, let us broadcast the death announcements of those departed. Radio R.T.L.M. joins those who lost their families. In a minute, I am going to read M.R.N.D. declaration to you; I will also read to you the statements of Justin MUGENZI that he too wrote. Then, we will read other announcements to you:

The family of Nzarora Josaphate living in Gashyari, Mwendo commune, informs friends and relatives that Nyirinkwaya Nathanael, who was the Director of COOPTHE Cyohoha-Rukeri, and his wife died yesterday. They were victims of criminals who killed them where they were working in Kinihira. The funerals will take place in Gashyari, Mwendo commune on March 17, 1994 at 11 after the requiem mass which will be held at the departed home.

The families of Ndeze Léonidas and Safari Emile living in Mugenda, Tumba commune in Byumba, are sorry to inform friends and relatives that Safari died on March 15, 1994. He felt in the trap set by enemies while returning from work at COOPTHE Cyohoha-Rukeri. This is announcement s particularly addressed to Ruhanga Charles living in Bicumbi, Kabiligi Dominique living in Butare, Caporal Gendarme Twahirwa Alphonse, Musigende Emmanuel living in Nyamutera in Ruhengeri Gatemba Abel from Mukingo commune, Nkunzabagabo Babiras from Tumba, Karekezi Pascal from Tumba commune. The corpse will be buried in Mugenda, Tumba commune at one after the mass which will be celebrated at Christus Center in Remera at 10 a.m. Friends and relatives are requested to hasten to assist:

The President of the Liberal Party, P.L., Mr. Justin MUGENZI has the deep sorrow to inform the P.L. militants, the sorrow caused by the death of Safari Emile who was killed by torture on March 15th, 1994. There’s no doubt that Safari Emile is the victim of the fact that P.L. had chosen him to represent it within the transitional national assembly. P.L. President requests of its militants living in the town of Kigali to meet at the main office of the party tomorrow 9 a.m. in order to accompany the corpse of the late Safari Emile which will be buried in Mugenda, Tumba commune at 1 p.m. Signed by the Liberal Party, Justin MUGENZI.

On the behalf of the M.R.N.D. political party, the M.R.N.D. states that:

  1. M.R.N.D. officially blames once again such shameful criminal acts that R.P.F.-Inkotanyi keeps exerting on innocent people. M.R.N.D. notices that they are not different from those which happened in Kirambo sous-prefecture and the communes of Mutura and Bwisige.
  2. M.R.N.D. has no doubt that those criminal acts are part of R.P.F. wicked plans consisting of shedding the blood of innocent people and botching the transitional institutions mentioned by Arusha accords.
  3. M.R.N.D. requests earnestly of Unamir to do its job which consists of looking after the population’s security in the no man’s land, R.P.F. has to leave that area for good. Unamir is requested, in addition to not disguising R.P.F. criminal acts, to publish conclusions from investigations led about atrocious crimes undergone by innocent people which occurred in Kirambo sous-prefecture and in the communes Mutura and Bwisige. M.R.N.D. warns Unamir that if it keeps neglecting its job, the issue will be introduced to the U.N. Secretary General.
  4. M.R.N.D. requests of the government to meet quickly and to adopt measures about the murder of those people, it has to take concrete action able to stop those acts for good.
  5. M.R.N.D. reminds once again the government to do its primary job consisting of protecting the people; otherwise if that government is useless to the people, action must be taken against it.
  6. M.R.N.D. informs R.P.F.-Inkotanyi that it won’t keep on standing and looking without reacting any longer at such criminal acts which are done to innocent people.
  7. M.R.N.D., in addition, sympathizes with the families who lost their relatives during these hard times they are through.

These are announcements from those people Inkotanyi had turned into orphanage and widowhood. Actually, it’s not understandable because Inkotanyi came lying that they want democracy. Anyhow, it has been revealed they didn’t want democracy because when elections were to be held in Kirambo sous-prefecture, they stopped them since they killed all the candidates because things weren’t working out right for them. As long as things won’t work out right for them, as long as they won’t have taken over this Rwanda, they will never stop killing important people, Furthermore, some talked about that plan as Inkotanyi mustn’t be present, they want to kill important people in this country and wipe them out, especially Hutus. This is understandable because when you look at all the people who have died, they are Hutus as Gapyisi, Bucyana, Gatabazi, Rwambuka. There are some disgusting people I heard in Nyamirambo saying that C.D.R. members have killed their brothers and they wrongly hold Inkotanyi responsible for it. They were referring to the events of Kinihira. I think that people will keep on dying and they will say that it’s M.R.N.D. and so forth. If people watched out, they would find out that Gatabazi death is in the frame of opinion differences because in any case Inkotanyi will kill anyone who doesn’t share their opinion while people are speaking out People then should start taking strong strategies. The first important thing, in my opinion, is to call Rutaremara and his fellows who said that they came to C.N.D. in the seats. Then, they are not there, they took a French leave. Nobody knows who eats the food which is sent to them. They went with at least more than 100 Inkotanyi. Some food was assigned to those Inkotanyi. Nobody knows where the money for that goes. Then Rutaremara and fellows come here and look for the solutions to the political problems which are here. But if they go and people are left dying because they will have gone on exile, this is worrying. This is what they ought to do first of all They have blood too because when it’s their turn to be asked those matters are, I think that they would order it again. I think that this is what had led them to Mulindi in order to plan how to kill those people from Cyohoha-Rukeri. The facts are against them unless they said they have put in jail the officer in charge of Miyove camp because you heard that they started shooting from up in Kinihira so that those who were down in Cyohoha-Rukeri understand that those men’s car had just passed. Therefore, they cannot pretend that it’s the military of Rwanda or there are some people who set a trap to the people of Cyohoha-Rukeri, they could kill them here if this was their intention. It is understandable that facts are against Inkotanyi, there is no doubt. Therefore, Rutaremara, Kanyarengwe and all those Inkotanyi who were in C.N.D., who later played unfair and escaped without being chased. They ought to come and explain it before going into the extended transitional government. They ought to explain how they are about to wipe people out while fighting for political power. In any case, it looks like in Burundi, it looks like in Uganda. There is a Tutsi who has just phoned me and told me: “what’s going on Kantano? As those Inkotanyi, who are our brothers, want to make us kill, how will it go?” Anyway, Inkotanyi ought to know that they won’t make Rwandan flee so that they go where they are coming from. It’s impossible; we will fight inside this Rwanda till the end.

Saying that they will wipe us out, wipe out intellectuals, wipe out people who speak out so that they can rule Rwanda, it’s impossible. I don’t know how one can swear that it’s impossible, They ought to understand then that it’s impossible and come so that w live together in this Rwanda in peace it they really want peace. But it’s clear that they don’t want it They only want to wipe out people in order to rule Rwanda, to enslave people and colonize it. I have been asking myself a question, I thought about the people who got misfortune and fled to the Inkotanyi, like the one who left while he was a genuine Interahamwe, while he was a genuine C.D.R. member, I think people should start forget them because it wouldn’t be understandable if these ones were still alive. You are still tuned to the radio R.T.L.M. broadcasting from Kigali. Let’s try to communicate your announcements. Let’s put aside for a while that extreme wickedness from Inkotanyi. Meanwhile, let NKOMATI, who is still in good shape, broadcast the death announcements. The time is 14 minutes to 10, in a moment we will be about to close our machine but there are a lot of announcements and we cannot sleep without broadcasting your announcement because the one who doesn’t want to be unfair resorts to his older brother. Then, we do not dare not work for you. It’s impossible, it’s our duty. Furthermore, you should be many who trust us, instead we will add hours and work for you and you know that we are now heard all over Rwanda. The radio which is independent both on earth and in heaven. Then, you understand that there’s no announcement we can’t broadcast. Then, there are two more death announcements which were left. There is a man who had called me and told me: “don’t broadcast death announcement because sometimes you broadcast them as if it were normal entertain where as they are announcement which hurt.” Therefore in reality what I can let you know is that pain is not tears and we have nothing against them. There are some I know and others I don’t. In any case there is no conflict between us at all, I sympathize with all those who feel pain because I have lost kin I know how it hurts. Nobody can tell me that I am sneering„ it’s impossible. It may happen according to the way I woke speaking, then there is no conflict with those who lost their kin or the dead. So, forgive me for all of this, I can’t cry while reading that announcement, this is impossible. In fact, people from the radio are complicated; there are some who may cry even if they lost no one I will try to speak with pain since I always sympathize with them. [national anthem].

End of Tape.