Information
Date of Transmission9 April 1994
Name of TapeA/904
SourceU.S. State Department
Prosecution ExhibitP103/58
Name of TranslatorPénine-Joie Muteteli
Date of Transcription6 March 2000
Duration60 Minutes
QualityGood
Original PDF

R.T.L.M. Tape 0058

Synopsis

Side A

  1. Death of President Juvénal HABYARIMANA. Comments by the Interim President, Theodore SINDIKUBWABO.
    Preparation for the:
    • Investiture of the President, Theodore SINDIKUBWABO;
    • Investiture of the Prime Minister, Jean KAMBANDA;
    • Comments by Valérie BEMERIKI and Georges RUGGIU, R.T.L.M. journalists.
  2. Statement by the President of the Republic, Theodore SINDIKUBWABO
    • Reception for Investiture;
    • Swearing-in ceremony;
    • Establishment of Crisis Committee on security by the FAR.
  3. Pursuant to Law No 42 of 10 June 1991, the Crisis Committee and the five political transition parties nominate Theodore SINDIKUBWABO to the presidency.

Side B

  1. The presidency was established under the law in order to take the country out of a deadlock in moments of insecurity. Comments by Theodore SINDIKUBWABO.
  2. GAHIGI, an R.T.L.M. journalist, asks the population to be aware of trickery.
  3. Commentary by Valerie BEMERIKI, an R.T.L.M. journalist.
    • The presidency was established pursuant to Law № 42 of 10 June 1991.
    • The Government should negotiate with the R.P.F.
  4. Swearing-in ceremony. Commentary by Valérie BEMERIKI of the R.T.L.M.
    • Protocol to be observed during transition.
    • Mandate of the Transition Government

Side A

Speaker: Dr. Théodore SINDIKUBWABO, Interim President of the Republic

Original: French

His Excellency [Cyprien] Ntaryamira, President of Burundi and his ministers who perished under the same circumstances. May their souls rest in peace in the Lord. As some of you might know, the death of the President of the Republic was unfortunately followed by other tragic events causing further loss of Iives …

Speaker: Valérie BEMERIKI, Journalist for R.T.L.M.

Original: Kinyarwanda

Good morning, R.T.L.M. listeners. It is now one minute to one in our studio. Last night, we were saying that though our country was going through difficult times; it is trying all the same to get out of the deadlock occasioned by the lack of known and well-known leaders. But we informed you of their appointments. Henceforth, we have a President of the Republic, His Excellency Theodore SINDIKUBWABO, former President of the National Development Council (C.N.D.). He succeeds late Major General Juvénal Habyarimana, assassinated by criminals who shot down his plane on his way back from Dar es Salaam.

Thus, pursuant to Article 42 of the Constitution, Doctor Theodore SINDIKUBWABO has been appointed President of the Republic. We also said that late Prime Minister, Mrs. Agathe UWILINGIYIMANA, has been replaced by His Excellency Jean KAMBANDA. Some transition institutions have already been put in place and all the ministers appointed. In short, there is no vacant ministry.

I was telling you this morning that the members of government were going to be sworn in before the President of the Republic, and, as a matter of fact, we have just witnessed that ceremony. All the ministers, including the Prime Minister, have been sworn in before the President of the Republic. We have followed the ceremony during which speeches were made, especially by the Prime Minister. His speech is not yet available, but we should be able to broadcast it later. Now, we are going to listen to the proceedings of the ceremony. Rest assured, our country now has leaders and representatives who will enter into negotiations with the Rwandan Patriotic Front, particularly in establishing the broad-based transition institutions.

Now, before we go into the proceedings of the ceremony, I am going to ask my colleague, Georges, if he has any comments to make. Georges, do you have anything to add?

Speaker: Georges RUGGIU, Journalist for R.T.L.M.

Original: French

No, but I would like to add that, from the legal information at our disposal, the current President of the Republic, former President of the C.N.D., whose name I do not know how to pronounce very well for now, has been appointed in accordance with the 10 June Constitution. The main mandate of the current Government is to set up broad-based transition institutions, that is ensure that a Transition National Assembly and a broad-based transition Government are installed. They should be set up in six weeks. However, the 10 June Constitution in force stipulated that the President of the Republic shall be replaced by an Interim President for a period of 90 days at the end of which presidential elections shall be organised. In the present circumstances, there will be no presidential elections because should the broad-based transition institutions be actually put in place within six weeks, there will be no presidential eIections as provided for by the 10 June Constitution, but the Arusha Accords will be fully implemented and the M.R.N.D. will then nominate a candidate for the post of the President of the Republic. The candidate will be voted in by the Transition National Assembly and the post will be filled for good. Of course, if the R.P.F. refused to take part in the broad-based transition institutions, the 10 June Constitution would be enforced as the Arusha Accords would lose all its significance and validity. We should therefore consider the President of the Republic as a full-fledged President even if the 10 June Constitution stipulates that his presidency is for a period of 90 days. Since we cannot see into the future, the President of the Republic is not only a full-fledged President but until further notice and until there is another President, he remains our President and we owe him obedience and respect.

Speaker: Valérie BEMERIKI

Original: Kinyarwanda

Therefore, we would like to tell you that the President of the Republic has been appointed pursuant to Article 42 of 10 June Constitution governing our country. It is stipulated that in the event of the death of the President of the Republic, the President of the C.N.D. shall succeed him for a period of 90 days, and during that period, arrangements shall be made for presidential elections.

However, things being what they are, this is impossible because the government is in place for only six weeks, that is, one and a half months. During those six weeks, it will resume negotiations with the R.P.F.-Inkotanyi in order to establish broad-based transition institutions. The institutions should be put in, place within that period. They should be put in place with the cooperation of the R.P.F. But if the R.P.F. refuses to participate, there will be only one choice, that is, the M.R.N.D. will be compelled to present a candidate to the post of President of the Republic and then there will be elections as provided for by the Constitution. If, however, the R.P.F. agrees to participate, there will be no problem and we shall implement the Arusha Accords. But if they refuse, we will carry on regardless and the M.R.N.D. party will present its candidate; then there will be elections as provided for by our Constitution which we applied in finding a successor to the President of the Republic who died recently. We have thus come to the end of our broadcast. I will now invite you to listen to the proceedings of the ceremony on your R.T.L.M. radio station. Later, we may give additional commentaries.

Speaker: Unidentified

Your Excellency President of the Republic, Your Excellency Prime Minister, Honorable Ministers, Honorable Vice President of the C.N.D., Honorable Deputy Secretary, I am going to let you know our next programme.

First, the Vice-President of the C.N.D. will welcome those who are going to be sworn in before the members of the C.N.D. Then, the Prime Minister will be sworn in and will immediately make his statement. We shall thereafter listen to the speech by His Excellency President of the Republic as he closes the ceremony. Honourable Vice-President of the C.N.D., you have the floor.

Speaker: Immaculée NYIRABIZEYIMANA, Vice-President of the C.N.D.

Your Excellency, President of the Republic, before we start this important investiture ceremony of the country’s Ieaders during this difficult period, I would like us to remember our fallen heroes, starting with the President of the Republic, Excellency Major General Juvénal HABYARIMANA, and the Rwandans who perished in the ensuing turmoil.

I would therefore like to ask you and all the guests here to observe one-minute silence in their memory.

Honorable Ministers who are going to be sworn in shortly and mandated to work for Rwanda, distinguished guests, by virtue of powers conferred on me by the Constitution of the Republic of Rwanda, under the Article which stipulates that “the National Development Council will remain in place until it is replaced by the National Assembly”; considering that the Vice-President may replace the President should the President be absent or unable to perform his functions, I would therefore, on behalf of the C.N.D., like to welcome Your Excellency, President of the Republic, and invite you to preside over the swearing in ceremony of the ministers.

You know that we are going through a difficult period for, in addition to the loss of the President of the Republic, we also lost some ministers who would have helped the country out of the current deadlock, It is therefore urgent to appoint leaders who will represent the country and ensure the safety of lives and property. Very shortly, the ministers are going to take the oath and I would like to invite you, Mr. President, to preside over the ceremony to the satisfaction of all Rwandans. At the end of the ceremony, we hope that some problems will be resolved and we can speak the same language as we face the difficult situation in our country. I thank you Mr. President. [Applause]

Speaker: Unidentified

I would like to request the Prime Minister to take the floor.

Speaker: Jean KAMBANDA, Prime Minister of Rwanda

…to perform my duties faithfully, remain faithful to the Republic of Rwanda and the Head of State and promote the interests of the Rwandan people in accordance with the Constitution and laws of the country. [A moment of silence, footsteps and murmuring]

Speaker: Unidentified

I would ask Mr. Jérôme BICAMUMPAKA to take the oath.

Speaker: Jérome BICAMUMPAKA, MINAFFET (Ministry of Foreign Affairs)

I, Jerome BICAMUMPAKA, swear by God Almighty before the Nation to perform my duties faithfully, remain faithful to the Republic of Rwanda and the Head of State and to promote the interests of the Rwandan people in accordance with the Constitution and laws of the country. [Applause]

Speaker: Unidentified

Mrs. Agnes NTAMABYARIRO

Speaker: Agnes NTAMABYARIRO, MINIJUST (Ministry of Justice)

I, Agnes NTAMABYARIRO, swear by God Almighty before the Nation to perform my duties faithfully, remain faithful to the Republic of Rwanda and the Head of State and to promote the interests of the Rwandan people in accordance with the Constitution and laws of the country. [Applause]

Speaker: Unidentified

Doctor André RWAMAKUBA

Speaker: Dr. André RWAMAKUBA, MINEPRISEC (Ministry of Primary & Secondary Education)

[he coughs] I, Doctor André RWAMAKUBA, swear by God Almighty before the Nation to perform my duties faithfully, remain faithful to the Republic of Rwanda and the Head of State and promote the interests of the Rwandan people in accordance with the Constitution and laws of the country. [Applause]

Speaker: Unidentified

Daniel MBANGURA

Speaker: Daniel MBANGURA, MINESUPRES (Ministry of Higher Education & Scientific Research)

I, Daniel MBANGURA, swear by God Almighty before the Nation to perform my duties faithfully, remain faithful to the Republic of Rwanda and the Head of State and promote the interests of the Rwandan people in accordance with the Constitution and laws of the country. [Applause]

Speaker: Unidentified

Mr. Prosper MUGIRANEZA

Speaker: Prosper MUGIRANEZA, MINIFOP (Ministry of Public Service & Employment)

I, Prosper MUGIRANEZA, swear by God Almighty before the Nation to perform my duties faithfully, remain faithful to the Republic of Rwanda and the Head of State and promote the interests of the Rwandan people in accordance with the Constitution and laws of the country. [Applause]

Speaker: Unidentified

Mr. Eliézer NIYITEGEKA

Speaker: Mr. Eliézer NIYITEGEKA, MINIFOR (Ministry of Information)

I, Eliézer NIYITEGEKA, swear by God Almighty before the Nation to perform my duties faithfully, remain faithful to the Republic of Rwanda and the Head of State and promote the interests of the Rwandan people in accordance with the Constitution and laws of the country. [Applause]

Speaker: Justin MUGENZ, Ministry of Trade & Industry

I, Justin MUGENZI, swear by God Almighty before the Nation to perform my duties faithfully, remain faithful to the Republic of Rwanda and the Head of State and promote the interests of the Rwandan people in accordance with the Constitution and laws of the country. [Applause]

Speaker: Unidentified

Doctor Augustin NGIRABATWARE

Speaker: Dr. Augustin NGIRABATWARE, Ministry of Planning

I, Augustin NGIRABATWARE, swear by God Almighty before the Nation to perform my duties faithfully, remain faithful to the Republic of Rwanda and the Head of State and

promote the interests of the Rwandan people in accordance with the Constitution and laws of the country. [Applause]

Speaker: Unidentified

Casimir BIZIMUNGU

Speaker: Casimir BIZIMUNGU, Ministry of Health

[he coughs] I, Casimir BIZIMUNGU, swear by God Almighty before the Nation to perform my duties faithfully, remain faithful to the Republic of Rwanda and the Head of State and promote the interests of the Rwandan people in accordance with the Constitution and laws of the country. [Applause]

Speaker: Unidentified

Mr. André NTAGERURA

Speaker: André NTAGERURA, Ministry of Post & Telecommunication

I, André NTAGERURA, swear by God Almighty before the Nation to perform my duties in faithfully, remain faithful to the Republic of Rwanda and the Head of State and promote the interest of the Rwandan people in compliance with the Constitution and laws of the country. [Applause]

Speaker: Jean de Dieu HABINEZA, Minister of Labor & Social Affairs

I, Jean de Dieu HABINEZA, swear by God Almighty before the Nation to perform my duties faithfully, remain faithful to the Republic of Rwanda and the Head of State and promote the interests of the Rwandan people in accordance with the Constitution and laws of the country. [Applause]

Speaker: Unidentified

Mr. Hyacinthe RAFIKI NSENGIYUMVA

Speaker: Hyacinthe RAFIKI NSENGIYUMVA, MINITRAPE (Ministry of Works & Equipment)

I, Hyacinthe RAFIKI NSENGIYUMVA, swear by God Almighty before the Nation to perform my duties faithfully, remain faithful to the Republic of Rwanda and the Head of State and promote the interests of the Rwandan people in accordance with the Constitution and laws of the country. (Applause)

Speaker: Unidentified

Mr. Gaspard RUHUMULIZA

Speaker: Gaspard RUHUMULIZA, MINETO (Ministry of Environment & Tourism)

I, Gaspard RUHUMULIZA, swear by God Almighty before the Nation to perform my duties faithfully, remain faithful to the Republic of Rwanda and the Head of State and promote the interests of the Rwandan people in accordance with the Constitution and laws of the country. [Applause]

Speaker: Unidentified

Mrs. Pauline NYIRAMASUHUKO

Speaker: Pauline NYIRAMASUHUKO, Minister of Family & Women in Development

I, Pauline NYIRAMASUHUKO, swear by God Almighty before the Nation to perform my duties faithfuIly, remain faithful to the Republic of Rwanda and the Head of State and promote the interests of the Rwandan people in accordance with the Constitution and laws of the country. [Applause]

Speaker: Unidentified

Mr. Callixte NZABONIMANA

Speaker: Callixte NZABONIMANA, MIJEUMA (Ministry of Youth)

I, Callixte NZABONIMANA swear by God Almighty before the Nation to perform my duties faithfully, remain faithful to the Republic of Rwanda and the Head of State and promote the interests of the Rwandan people in accordance with the Constitution and laws of the country. (Applause)

Speaker: Unidentified

Mr. Emmanuel NDINDABAHIZI

Speaker: Emmanuel NDINDABAHIZI, Minister of Finance

I, Emmanuel NDINDABAHIZI, swear by God Almighty before the Nation to perform my duties faithfully, remain faithful to the Republic of Rwanda and the Head of State and promote the interests of the Rwandan people in accordance with the Constitution and laws of the country. [Applause]

Speaker: Unidentified

We are going to listen to the Head of State’s speech, which will be followed by a group photograph in the garden. (Silence)

Speaker: Doctor Théodore SINDIKUBWABO

Honorable Vice President of the C.N.D., His Excellency Prime Minister, Honorable Ministers, Members of the new Government, Honorable Deputy Secretary of the C.N.D., leaders and representatives of political parties participating in this Government, distinguished guests, my speech will be short because yesterday, when I addressed the Rwandan people, I underscored the significance of this ceremony and I will come back to that later or tomorrow. I will explain in detail why we took this important decision.

I would now like to congratulate the members of the Government we have just formed. They have all decided to assist us during this period when the country needs, more than ever, the combined forces of all its children, especially the most devoted ones, to defend the country. I would like us to particularly thank the Rwandan Armed Forces, which, as usual, were the first, immediately after the assassination of the President, to do everything possible to ensure the security of the Rwandan people, especially in the capital city. [Applause]. We thank the Rwandan Armed Forces working closely together with some leaders in Kigali, for their commendable decision to set up what they called the “Crisis Committee.” We shall let you know today or in a few days the names of the members of the Crisis Committee. It is made up of some high-ranking officers and other leaders. The Crisis Committee has played a very important role because if it had not been put in place to closely monitor the situation in Kigali town after the despicable act of the enemies of the country, we would have encountered many security problems. I would ask all who are here to help us thank the members of this Crisis Committee. [Applause]

As I told you at the beginning, yesterday and the day before, after the members of the Crisis Committee had consulted the leaders of the five political parties taking part in the transition Government, they took an important decision on the basis of Article 42 of the Constitution in force, pending the formation of a broad-based transition government. I therefore realize that their request was legitimate.

End of Side A

Side B

Speaker: Dr. Théodore SINDIKUBWABO

Er … the Vice President of the National Development Council said so a while ago. We did not contravene any law. We abided by the law. We first consulted with our legal experts and asked them if our decision was in line with the law and they told us it was. Some people who are not legal experts may question our action and that is normal. “Spite will defy common sense.”

The action we took, … we took this decision in order to pull our country out of the abyss and deadlock, … what they call in English “constitutional vacuum.” After the assassination of the Head of State, there was a constitutional vacuum. After the death of the Prime Minister, other ministers and her collaborators, there was a constitutional vacuum. The broad-based transitional government has not yet been put in place. Courageous Rwandans who agree to make sacrifice for their country should make a decision like the one we have made.

We therefore ask all Rwandans and those who support us to strive, as usual, to get this decision implemented. The Prime Minister has just briefed us about his Government’s program. He has just asked his ministers to go to work immediately and explain to the Rwandans why we made that decision. He further asked them to lead by action and example.

We said our message was going to be brief. We will have enough time later to explain to the Rwandans and friendly foreign countries as well as those who want to know the truth, the objectives we are setting for ourselves in the next few months so that we will do all within our power to ensure that our country have in place all the transition institutions provided for by the Arusha Accords. The people should live peacefully and no longer be deprived of their rights.

Your Excellency, Vice President of the National Development Council, Your Excellency Prime Minister, Honorable Deputy Secretary of the National Development Council, Honorable leaders of political parties, distinguished guests, we thank you once more. Once again, we thank all those whose names we mentioned and who have taken steps to enable the population to come this far. As pointed out by the Prime Minister, this body is going to address many sensitive issues, but it is made of men of high calibre, Interahamwe, speaking the same language. We think this term should be understood as it should be. It comprises men who have come together with the one and same goal. We therefore hope that this body will carry out its mandate diligently. We ask everyone to assume his responsibility and support the new Government, to the best of his ability, in achieving its set objectives. Long live all Rwandans. [Applause]

Speaker: Unidentified

[inaudible]

Speaker: Gaspard GAHIGI, Editor-in-Chief of R.T.L.M.

Original: French

…Government and the broad-based transition parliament. We are insisting that only the political parties, through their respective bureaux, should undertake this operation. We believe it would be in the interest of the population to stop exposing themselves to trickery, … [inaudible].

Speaker: Valérie BEMERIKI

Original: Kinyarwanda

As you have just heard on the R.T.L.M. radio, His Excellency Doctor Théodore SINDIKUBWABO has just addressed the Rwandan people and told them why he has taken this decision and what he and all Rwandans expect from this Government. But as I told you, his appointment as President of Republic was pursuant to Articles 42 and 43 of the 10 June 1991 Constitution.

I told you that in the event of the death of the President of the Republic, it is stipulated that elections should be held within 90 days. In our present circumstances, it is not necessary to organize other elections because this transition Government’s mandate as well as that of the President succeeding His Excellency, late President of the Republic, will be for six weeks. During these six weeks, the Government will continue negotiating with the R.P.F. in order to put the broad-based transition institutions in place.

If the R.P.F. refuses these negotiations, or refuses to take part in the broad-based Government, we shall carry on regardless and hold elections within 90 days. The elections will be held in compliance with the provisions of the 10 June 1991 Constitution. We shall abide by our Constitution.

If, on the other hand, the R.P.F. accepts the negotiations and agrees to take part in the broad-based transition institutions, the M.R.N.D. party will present its Presidential candidate. You know that His Excellency late Major General Juvénal HABYARIMANA, like his successor His Excellency Doctor Theodore SINDIKUBWABO, was a leading M.R.N.D. member. If the R.P.F. agrees to take part, we will be abiding by the Arusha Accords and the M.R.N.D. will present a candidate. It could present His Excellency Doctor Théodore SINDIKUBWABO or someone else as candidate. Should the R.P.F. agree to take part in the broad-based transition institutions, M.R.N.D. will have to resolve this issue.

Should they refuse, we shall do what we need to do … we shall hold presidential elections within 90 days in accordance with our 10 June 1991 Constitution. According to the information at our disposal, “the R.P.F. would try to complicate matters and would not recognize this Government.” However, this Government has nothing to do with the R.P.F. and the R.P.F. should start minding its own business rather than minding other people’s business. As a matter of fact, the membership of the Government does not concern the R.P.F. and it will be necessary for the R.P.F. to negotiate with a government different from the old one which, to the best of our knowledge, only rambled and neglected issues of national interest.

Therefore, we cannot tolerate this state of affairs. Moreover, you should know that there is a deadlock within the R.P.F., which had many problems, even before now I am informing you that its leader, Kanyarengwe, “was allegedly expelled and replaced by the rightful title holder” [laugh] whom you know, that is Major Kagame.

Upon analysis, you will understand the situation. We should not be surprised that he was expelled. As a matter of fact, considering what transpired, they know the role they played with TWAGIRAMUNGU and Agathe, but they came to realise it was a lost cause. Indeed, they did this hoping that they could seize power but they failed. The Rwandan Armed Forces held their ground and were so vigilant that the Inkotanyi, their accomplices and the Belgians could not do anything.

They were disconcerted. As a matter of fact, the R.P.F. no longer have accomplices in this country and within the administration put in place by the current Government. They no longer have people working for them in this country.

Thus, they started saying things like “Anyway, you know that the Prime Minister has just died … you must have learned that some ministers within her Government also died, going by the statement made during the swearing-in ceremony of members of the new Government. As you must have learned, they were no longer here and many of them sided with TWAGIRAMUNGU who is cooperating with the Inkotanyi ; they wanted to hand over power to the Inkotanyi.

The Inkotanyi realized therefore that the game was over and that they no longer had any allies in the country, especially the Hutus within the country, who would have been their accomplices and assisted them. They even found out that those Hutus within their ranks, including the leader of the R.P.F. family, were of no use to them [she laughs]. They would rather cut him off, and reliable information reaching us indicated that Alexis Kanyarengwe has been murdered by the R.P.F.-Inkotanyi people.

People should know this Several persons tell us that Alexis Kanyarengwe was killed by the very people he was leading. He thought he had inherited the family whereas the Inkotanyi were laughing at him and now they have put him in his right place.

Everyone listening to the R.T.L.M. broadcast and all our regular listeners should realize that there is no point boasting about cooperating with the Inkotanyi and putting your trust in them because they end up disappointing you. Why, as a matter of fact, would they get rid of Kanyarengwe as though he was a rag? They dismissed him and went on to take his life as they did to His Excellency President of the Republic when they shot down the plane bringing him back to the country.

The ceremony has come to an end but the Government cabinet is going to hold a meeting. We will let you know issues discussed as soon as we obtain further information.

Original: French

Dear listeners, er … it is er … seventeen minutes to two in our studio. You have been listening to the swearing-in ceremony of the members of the new transition Government. You have just heard that our country now has a new President in the person of His Excellency Doctor Théodore SINDIKUBWABO who was former er … Speaker of the National Assembly.

As I was telling you, there is an additional protocol to the Protocol of Understanding signed on 7 April 1992 between the political parties M.R.N.D., M.D.R., P.S.D., PDC and P.L. called to take part in the transition Government. I am going to read out the full text of the additional protocol as follows:

The political parties M.R.N.D., M.D.R., P.S.D., PDC and P.L., considering the critical situation of constitutional vacuum created by the tragic death of His Excellency President of the Republic of Rwanda; considering the sudden death of Her Excellency Prime Minister and some members of her Government; taking due account of the wish expressed by the representatives of the P.S.D. party with regard to the peculiar situation prevailing within the party leadership, pursuant to Article 3 of the Peace Accords signed in Arusha on 3 August 1993 and Article 22 of the Agreement Protocol on miscellaneous issues and the final provisions signed on 3 August 1993; considering the 10 June 1991 Constitution of the Republic of Rwanda, particularly Articles 42 and 43, reviewed the Protocol of Understanding of 7 April 1992 as amended to date and agreed on the following:

Article 1: The Protocol of Understanding of 1 er … April 1992 between political parties, the proto er … between the political parties M.R.N.D., M.D.R., P.S.D., PDC and P.L., as amended to date and completed by the provisions of this additional Protocol.

Article 2: Parties signatory to the present Protocol shall agree to proceed immediately with the replacement of the deceased Prime Minister. Candidate for the post of Prime Minister shall be presented to the Interim President of the Republic for appointment.

Article … Article 3: Upon appointment, the prime … will consult the political parties signatory to the present additional Protocol in order to establish a list of holders of ministerial portfolios allocated to each political party pursuant to Article 6 of the 7 April 1992 Protocol of Understanding. Within a period of … not exceeding two days, he shall submit the list of ministers to the President of Republic for approval and appointment.

Article 4: Parties signatory to this additional Protocol agreed to assign the following mandate to the Government:

  • Ensure proper management of affairs of State … of State, laying special emphasis on the rapid restoration of order and security for persons and property.
  • Continue discussions with the Rwandan Patriotic Front for the establishment of broad-based transition institutions … er within a period not exceeding six weeks.
  • Seriously address the issue of food shortage by seeking ways and means of assisting people affected by disasters in some prefectures and people displaced by war.

Article [short silence] The provisions of the Protocol without … er the provisions of the 7th April 1992 Protocol of Understanding, which are not amended or replaced by the provisions of the present Protocol, will remain in force.

Er … done in Kigali, 8 April 1994; signed:

For the M.R.N.D.: Matthieu NGIRMUPATSE, Chairman; Edouard KAREMERA, first Vice Chairman; Joseph NZIRORERA, National Secretary

For the M.D.R.: Frodouald KARAMIRA, second Vice Chairman; Doctor Donat MUREGO, Executive Secretary

For the P.S.D.: Hyacinthe NSENGIYUMVA RAFIKI, er … a member of the political bureau; François NDUNGUTSE, also a member of the political bureau

For the PDC: Jean-Marie Vianney SIB OMANA, a member of the Steering Committee and Deputy Legal Representative; And … Gaspard RUHUMULIZA, a member of the political bureau; and Mr. Célestin KABANDA, also a member of the political bureau

For the P.L.: Justin MUGENZI, Chairman; Agnes NTAMABYALIRO, first Vice Chairman

That is not all because we still have a statement from the P.S.D. representatives annexed to the 8 April 1994 Additional Protocol. Signatories er … signatories to this Protocol, following detailed information received from political party leaders participating in the transition Government, held a meeting in order to find ways and means of filling the constitutional vacuum created by the death of the President of the Republic and the Prime Minister.

Considering the urgent call made by our party, to join hands with other political parties to take our country out of the deadlock into which it has been plunged, considering the Government’s program in which we have been invited to participate, and having observed the absence and failure of members of our party’s Steering Committee to take a position on this issue, we have deemed it necessary to represent our party in the discussions held by political party representatives taking part in the Government in order to take the country out of the deadlock. The Directeurs de Cabinet [Permanent Secretaries] of the Ministry of Finance and Ministry of Works and Energy were presented as P.S.D. candidates for those ministerial portfolios, replacing er their respective … respective ministers. Doctor Straton NSABUMUKUNZI was presented as candidate for the post of er … of Minister of Agriculture. We are pleased that this proposal was approved by our partners within the Government.

Done in Kigali, 8 April 1994. Signed:

François NDUNGUTSE, a member of the political bureau

Er … Hyacinthe RAFIKI NSENGIYUMVA, also a member of the political bureau, and Emmanuel NDINDABAHIZI, Chairman of the P.S.D. in Kibuye.

That is the statement of the P.S.D. representatives annexed to the 8 April 1994 Additional Protocol.

Original: Kinyarwanda

You have been listening to R.T.L.M. radio. It is now ten minutes to two. Dear listeners, I know that many of you listen to our broadcast and you have just followed the proceedings of this ceremony. But I also have a document written in French containing all this information. I have just read it out so that our French speaking listeners could know its content. I will translate it into Kinyarwanda and make it available to our Kinyarwanda-speaking listeners.

We also have a statement made public by the P.S.D. party representatives during the meeting. The document refers to their position and shows how they intend to cooperate with other parties in order to take the country out of the deadlock. We have this document and I have just read out the French version. We will translate it into Kinyarwanda and make it available to you [Classical music …)

End of Side B